Pakistan's Education System
Since the independence, Pakistan has been working towards improving its education system. Due to various social and political issues, the country is still struggling to chalk out and maintain a system in line with the international standards.
The education system of Pakistan is divided into three distinct sub-systems:
- Public Schools:
Public schools are government funded and are the responsibility of the state. These schools start from grade 1 and the finishing point is grade 12. The curriculum followed at these schools is regulated by the government and is similar till the senior year of high school. They prepare their students for the local examination- matriculation and intermediate.
Some of these schools are English medium while in the others the medium of instruction is Urdu. Public schools located in urban area are mostly English medium while schools in rural areas are Urdu medium.
When a student graduates from a public school, he is eligible to apply to a university.
- Private Schools:
Private schools are not state owned. These are founded and run by organizations and individuals who feel that they can work for the betterment of the education condition independent of the government. Much like the public schools the basic structure consists of pre-primary, primary (1-5), secondary (6-10) and high school (11 & 12).
The private schools have slight variation in the curriculum at the primary level, but it is the same all through secondary till the final external exams. These schools are use English language as a medium of instruction, with a few rare exceptions. All the leading private schools have set a standard which is being followed by the mushrooming private schools. These schools mostly prepare their students for the external Cambridge exams. It is a common misperception that in private schools only preparation for O/A levels is provided. Many schools have both the examinations systems being offered in parallel. It is the choice of the student to switch to any one of the sub-systems. Schools even gauge the aptitude of the student till the eighth grade and then give the option to either continue with their ordinary level or to switch to the local system.
Students graduating from private schools are eligible to apply to a university.
The third sub-system is that of the madrasahs. These are the schools which provide the religious education to the students. A significant number of Pakistani children attend these institutions. The curriculum followed by these schools is set by Pakistan Madrasah Education Board. These madrasahs are further sub-divided into four branches, each branch belonging to a religious sect.
Usually students graduating from these institutions pursue to become clerics. However, students are also eligible to apply to a university program depending on the pre-requisites.
The key issue with the education system of Pakistan is the large gap between the sub-systems. Very rarely the people in authority can relate to what the students might be going through at the time of the admission processes. So the students end up making the wrong choices about their careers.
MeriTaleem is here to help the students from different educational backgrounds. It is providing one information platform for all the students- to guide them into the right universities. There is a dire need of a uniform, standardized education system, but unless people follow their passions change will not be initiated. Regardless of the sub-system followed by the student till the high school, every student can browse through the information on the portal and benefit from it.